cadastre n : a public register showing the details of ownership and value of land; made for the purpose of taxation [syn: cadaster]
- Czech: katastr
- SAMPA: /ka.dastR/
A cadastre (also spelled cadaster) is a comprehensive register of the real property of a country, and commonly includes details of the ownership, the tenure, the precise location (some can include GPS coordinates), the dimensions (and area), the cultivations if rural and the value of individual parcels of land.
The word came into English by way of French and Italian, variously attributed to the Late Latin capitastrum, a register of the poll tax, and the Greek κατάστιχον [katastikhon], a list or register, from κατά στίχον [kata stikhon], literally, "down the line", in the sense of "line by line."
It gives rise to the adjective cadastral, used in public administration, primarily for ownership and taxation purposes. The terminology used for cadastral divisions may include counties, parishes, ridings, hundreds, sections, lots, blocks and city blocks.
Cadastral surveys are used to document land ownership, by the production of documents, diagrams, sketches, plans (plats in USA), charts, and maps. They were originally used to ensure reliable facts for land valuation and taxation. An example from early England is the Domesday Book. Napoleon established a comprehensive cadastral system for France which is regarded as the fore-runner of most modern versions. Cadastral survey information is often a base element in Geographic/Land Information systems used to assess and manage land and built infrastructure. Such systems are also employed on a variety of other tasks, for example, to track long-term changes over time for geological or ecological studies, where land tenure is a significant part of the senario.
A cadastral map is a map showing the boundaries and ownership of land parcels. Some cadastral maps show additional details, such as survey district names, unique identifying numbers for parcels, Certificate of Title numbers, positions of existing structures, section and/or lot numbers and their respective areas, adjoining and adjacent street names, selected boundary dimensions and references to prior maps.
In most countries legal systems have developed around the original administrative systems and use the cadastre as a means of defining the dimensions and location of land parcels described in legal documentation. This leads to the use of the cadastre as a fundamental source of data in disputes and lawsuits between landowners.
In the United States, Cadastral Survey within the Bureau of Land Management is responsible for maintaining records of all public lands. Such surveys often required detailed investigation of the history of land use, legal accounts and other documents.
cadastre in Bulgarian: Кадастър
cadastre in Catalan: Cadastre
cadastre in Danish: Matrikel (ejendom)
cadastre in German: Kataster
cadastre in Modern Greek (1453-): Κτηματολόγιο
cadastre in Spanish: Catastro
cadastre in French: Cadastre
cadastre in Croatian: Katastar
cadastre in Italian: Catasto
cadastre in Luxembourgish: Kadaster
cadastre in Dutch: Kadaster
cadastre in Japanese: 不動産登記
cadastre in Norwegian: Matrikkel
cadastre in Norwegian Nynorsk: Matrikkel
cadastre in Polish: Kataster
cadastre in Portuguese: Cadastro
cadastre in Russian: Земельный кадастр
cadastre in Slovak: Kataster nehnuteľností
cadastre in Slovenian: Zemljiški kataster
cadastre in Swedish: Fastighetsbok
cadastre in Turkish: Kadastro
cadastre in Ukrainian: Земельний кадастр